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Policies » Section D: Fiscal Management » DAF: Administration of Federal Grant Funds

Policy Date: 02/14/2023

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See also: ADB, EFAA, EHB, JICI & JRA

This Policy includes “sub-policies” relating to specific provisions of the Uniform Administrative
Requirements for Federal Awards issued by the U.S. Office of Budget and Management. Those
requirements, which are commonly known as Uniform Grant Guidance (“UGG”), are found in Title 2 of
the Code of Federal Regulations (“CFR”) part 200.
The sub-policies include:
(pg. 16)
NOTICE: Notwithstanding any other policy of the District, all funds awarded directly or indirectly
through any Federal grant or subsidy programs shall be administered in accordance with this Policy,
and any administrative procedures adopted implementing this Policy.

The Board accepts federal funds, which are available, provided that there is a specific need for them
and that the required matching funds are available. The Board intends to administer federal grant
awards efficiently, effectively and in compliance with all requirements imposed by law, the awarding
agency and the New Hampshire Department of Education (NHDOE) or other applicable pass-through

This policy establishes the minimum standards regarding internal controls and grant management to
be used by the District in the administration of any funds received by the District through Federal
grant programs as required by applicable NH and Federal laws or regulations, including, without
limitation, the UGG.

The Board directs the Superintendent, or his/her designee, to develop, monitor, and enforce effective
administrative procedures and other internal controls over federal awards as necessary in order to
provide reasonable assurances that the District is managing the awards in compliance with all
requirements for federal grants and awards. Systems and controls must meet all requirements of
federal and/or law and regulation and shall be based on best practices.

The Superintendent, or his/her designee, is directed to assure that all individuals responsible for the
administration of a federal grant or award shall be provided sufficient training to carry out their duties
in accordance with all applicable requirements for the federal grant or award and this policy.

To the extent not covered by this Policy, the administrative procedures and internal controls must
provide for:
1. identification of all federal funds received and expended and their program source;

2. accurate, current, and complete disclosure of financial data in accordance with federal requirements;

3. records sufficient to track the receipt and use of funds;

4. effective control and accountability over assets to assure they are used only for authorized purposes and

5. comparison of expenditures against budget.


The Superintendent, or his/her designee, is responsible for the efficient and effective
administration of grant funds through the application of sound management practices. Such funds
shall be administered in a manner consistent with all applicable Federal, State and local laws, the
associated agreements/assurances, program objectives and the specific terms and conditions of
the grant award.

A. Cost Principles: Except whether otherwise authorized by statute, costs shall meet the
following general criteria in order to be allowable under Federal awards:

1. Be “necessary” and “reasonable” for proper and efficient performance and administration
of the Federal award and be allocable thereto under these principles.

a. To determine whether a cost is “reasonable”, consideration shall be given to:

i. whether a cost is a type generally recognized as ordinary and necessary
for the operation of the District or the proper and efficient performance of the Federal award;

ii. the restraints or requirements imposed by such factors as sound business
practices, arm’s length bargaining, Federal, State, local, tribal and other
laws and regulations;

iii. market prices for comparable goods or services for the geographic area;

iv. whether the individuals concerned acted with prudence in the
circumstances considering their responsibilities; and

v. whether the cost represents any significant deviation from the established
practices or Board policy which may increase the expense. While Federal
regulations do not provide specific descriptions of what satisfied the
“necessary” element beyond its inclusion in the reasonableness analysis
above, whether a cost is necessary is determined based on the needs of
the program. Specifically, the expenditure must be necessary to achieve
an important program objective. A key aspect in determining whether a
cost is necessary is whether the District can demonstrate that the cost
addresses an existing need and can prove it.

b. When determining whether a cost is “necessary”, consideration may be given to

i. the cost is needed for the proper and efficient performance of the grant

ii. the cost is identified in the approved budget or application;

iii. there is an educational benefit associated with the cost;

iv. the cost aligns with identified needs based on results and findings from a
needs assessment; and/or

v. the cost addresses program goals and objectives and is based on program

c. A cost is allocable to the Federal award if the goods or services involved are
chargeable or assignable to the Federal award in accordance with the relative benefit

2. Conform to any limitations or exclusions set forth as cost principles in Part 200 or in the
terms and conditions of the Federal award.

3. Be consistent with policies and procedures that apply uniformly to both Federally-financed
and other activities of the District.

4. Be afforded consistent treatment. A cost cannot be assigned to a Federal award as a
direct cost if any other cost incurred for the same purpose in like circumstances has been
assigned as an indirect cost under another award.

5. Be determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

6. Be representative of actual cost, net of all applicable credits or offsets.
The term “applicable credits” refers to those receipts or reductions of expenditures that
operate to offset or reduce expense items allocable to the Federal award. Typical
examples of such transactions are: purchase discounts; rebates or allowances; recoveries
or indemnities on losses; and adjustments of overpayments or erroneous charges. To the
extent that such credits accruing to/or received by the State relate to the Federal award,
they shall be credited to the Federal award, either as a cost reduction or a cash refund, as

7. Be not included as a match or cost-share, unless the specific Federal program authorizes
Federal costs to be treated as such.

8. Be adequately documented:

a. in the case of personal services, the Superintendent shall implement a system for
District personnel to account for time and efforts expended on grant funded programs
to assure that only permissible personnel expenses are allocated;

b. in the case of other costs, all receipts and other invoice materials shall be retained,
along with any documentation identifying the need and purpose for such expenditure
if not otherwise clear.

B. Selected Items of Cost: The District shall follow the rules for selected items of cost at 2
C.F.R. Part 200, Subpart E when charging these specific expenditures to a Federal grant.
When applicable, District staff shall check costs against the selected items of cost
requirements to ensure the cost is allowable. In addition, State, District and program-specific
rules, including the terms and conditions of the award, may deem a cost as unallowable and
District personnel shall follow those rules as well.

C. Cost Compliance: The Superintendent shall require that grant program funds are expended
and are accounted for consistent with the requirements of the specific program and as
identified in the grant application. Compliance monitoring includes accounting for direct or
indirect costs and reporting them as permitted or required by each grant.

D. Determining Whether A Cost is Direct or Indirect

1. “Direct costs” are those costs that can be identified specifically with a particular final cost
objective, such as a Federal award, or other internally or externally funded activity, or that
can be directly assigned to such activities relatively easily with a high degree of accuracy.
These costs may include: salaries and fringe benefits of employees working directly on a
grant-funded project; purchased services contracted for performance under the grant;
travel of employees working directly on a grant-funded project; materials, supplies, and
equipment purchased for use on a specific grant; and infrastructure costs directly
attributable to the program (such as long distance telephone calls specific to the program,

2. “Indirect costs” are those that have been incurred for a common or joint purpose
benefitting more than one (1) cost objective, and not readily assignable to the cost
objectives specifically benefitted, without effort disproportionate to the results achieved.
Costs incurred for the same purpose in like circumstances shall be treated consistently as
either direct or indirect costs.

These costs may include: general data processing, human resources, utility costs,
maintenance, accounting, etc.

Federal education programs with supplement not supplant provisions must use a
restricted indirect cost rate. In a restricted rate, indirect costs are limited to general
management costs. General management costs do not include divisional administration
that is limited to one (1) component of the District, the governing body of the District,
compensation of the Superintendent, compensation of the chief executive officer of any
component of the District, and operation of the immediate offices of these officers.

The salaries of administrative and clerical staff should normally be treated as indirect
costs. Direct charging of these costs may be appropriate only if all the following
conditions are met:

a. Administrative or clerical services are integral to a project or activity.

b. Individuals involved can be specifically identified with the project or activity.

c. Such costs are explicitly included in the budget or have the prior written approval of
the Federal awarding agency.

d. The costs are not also recovered as indirect costs.

Where a Federal program has a specific cap on the percentage of administrative costs
that may be charged to a grant, that cap shall include all direct administrative charges
as well as any recovered indirect charges.

Effort should be given to identify costs as direct costs whenever practical, but
allocation of indirect costs may be used where not prohibited and where indirect cost
allocation is approved ahead of time by NHDOE or the pass-through entity (Federal
funds subject to 2 C.F.R Part 200 pertaining to determining indirect cost allocation).

E. Timely Obligation of Funds: Obligations are orders placed for property and services,
contracts and sub awards made, and similar transactions during a given period that require
payment by the non-Federal entity during the same or a future period.

The following are examples of when funds are determined to be “obligated” under applicable
regulation of the U.S. Department of Education:

When the obligation is for:

1. Acquisition of property – on the date which the District makes a binding
written commitment to acquire the property.

2. Personal services by an employee of the District – when the services are

3. Personal services by a contractor who is not an employee of the District – on
the date which the District makes a binding written commitment to obtain the

4. Public utility services – when the District received the services.

5. Travel – when the travel is taken.

6. Rental of property – when the District uses the property.

7. A pre-agreement cost that was properly approved by the Secretary under the
cost principles in 2 C.F.R. Part 200, Subpart E – Cost Principles – on the first
day of the project period.

F. Period of Performance: All obligations must occur on or between the beginning and ending
dates of the grant project. This period of time is known as the period of performance. The
period of performance is dictated by statute and will be indicated in the Grant Award
Notification (“GAN”). As a general rule, State-administered Federal funds are available for
obligation within the year that Congress appropriates the funds for. However, given the
unique nature of educational institutions, for many Federal education grants, the period of
performance is twenty-seven (27) months. This maximum period includes a fifteen (15) month
period of initial availability, plus a twelve (12) month period of carry over. For direct grants,
the period of performance is generally identified in the GAN.

Pre-award costs are those incurred prior to the effective date of the Federal award or
subaward directly pursuant to the negotiation and in anticipation of the Federal award where
such costs are allowable only to the extent that they would have been allowable if incurred
after the date of the Federal award and only with the written approval of the initial Federal
awarding agency or of the NHDOE or other pass-through entity.

For both State-administered and direct grants, regardless of the period of availability, the
District shall liquidate all obligations incurred under the award not later than forty-five (45)
days after the end of the funding period unless an extension is authorized. Any funds not
obligated within the period of performance or liquidated within the appropriate timeframe are
said to lapse and shall be returned to the awarding agency. Consistently, the District shall
closely monitor grant spending throughout the grant cycle.


Payment methods must be established in writing that minimize the time elapsed between the
drawdown of federal funds and the disbursement of those funds. Standards for funds control and
accountability must be met as required by the Uniform Guidance for advance payments and in
accordance with the requirements of NHDOE or other applicable pass-through-entity.

In order to provide reasonable assurance that all assets, including Federal, State, and local funds,
are safeguarded against waste, loss, unauthorized use, or misappropriation, the Superintendent
shall implement internal controls in the area of cash management.

The District’s payment methods shall minimize the time elapsing between the transfer of funds
from the United States Treasury or the NHDOE (pass-through entity) and disbursement by the
District, regardless of whether the payment is made by electronic fund transfer, or issuance or
redemption of checks, warrants, or payment by other means.

The District shall use forms and procedures required by the NHDOE, grantor agency or other pass-through
entity to request payment. The District shall request grant fund payments in accordance
with the provisions of the grant. Additionally, the District’s financial management systems shall
meet the standards for fund control and accountability as established by the awarding agency.

The Superintendent or his/her designee is authorized to submit requests for advance payments
and reimbursements at least monthly when electronic fund transfers are not used, and as often as
deemed appropriate when electronic transfers are used, in accordance with the provisions of the
Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C. 1693-1693r).

When the District uses a cash advance payment method, the following standards shall apply:

A. The timing and amount of the advance payment requested will be as close as is
administratively feasible to the actual disbursement for direct program or project costs and
the proportionate share of any allowable indirect costs.

B. The District shall make timely payment to contractors in accordance with contract provisions.

C. To the extent available, the District shall disburse funds available from program income
(including repayments to a revolving fund), rebates, refunds, contract settlements, audit
recoveries, and interest earned on such funds before requesting additional cash payments.

D. The District shall account for the receipt, obligation and expenditure of funds.

E. Advance payments shall be deposited and maintained in insured accounts whenever possible.

F. Advance payments will be maintained in interest bearing accounts unless the following apply:

1. The District receives less than $120,000 in Federal awards per year.

2. The best reasonably available interest-bearing account would not be expected to earn
interest in excess of $500 per year on Federal cash balances.

3. The depository would require an average or minimum balance so high that it would not be
feasible within the expected Federal and non-Federal cash resources.

4. A foreign government or banking system prohibits or precludes interest bearing accounts.

G. Pursuant to Federal law and regulations, the District may retain interest earned in an amount
up to $500 per year for administrative costs. Any additional interest earned on Federal
advance payments deposited in interest-bearing accounts must be remitted annually to the
Department of Health and Human Services Payment Management System (“PMS”) through an
electronic medium using either Automated Clearing House (“ACH”) network or a Fedwire
Funds Service payment. Remittances shall include pertinent information of the payee and
nature of payment in the memo area (often referred to as “addenda records” by Financial
Institutions) as that will assist in the timely posting of interest earned on Federal funds.


All purchases for property and services made using federal funds must be conducted in
accordance with all applicable Federal, State and local laws and regulations, the Uniform
Guidance, and the District’s written policies and procedures.

Procurement of all supplies, materials equipment, and services paid for from Federal funds or
District matching funds shall be made in accordance with all applicable Federal, State, and local
statutes and/or regulations, the terms and conditions of the Federal grant, District policies, and

The Superintendent shall maintain a procurement and contract administration system in
accordance with the USDOE requirements (2 CFR 200.317-.326) for the administration and
management of Federal grants and Federally-funded programs. The District shall maintain a
contract administration system that requires contractors to perform in accordance with the terms,
conditions, and specifications of their contracts or purchase orders. Except as otherwise noted,
procurement transactions shall also conform to the provisions of the District’s documented general
purchase Policies DJF and DJG.

The District avoids situations that unnecessarily restrict competition and avoids acquisition of
unnecessary or duplicative items. Individuals or organizations that develop or draft specifications,
requirements, statements of work, and/or invitations for bids, requests for proposals, or invitations
to negotiate, are excluded from competing for such purchases. Additionally, consideration shall be
given to consolidating or breaking out procurements to obtain a more economical purchase. And,
where appropriate, an analysis shall be made to lease versus purchase alternatives, and any other
appropriate analysis to determine the most economical approach. These considerations are given
as part of the process to determine the allowability of each purchase made with Federal funds.

Contracts are awarded only to responsible contractors possessing the ability to perform
successfully under the terms and conditions of a proposed procurement. Consideration is given to
such matters as contractor integrity, compliance with public policy, record of past performance,
and financial and technical resources. No contract is awarded to a contractor who is suspended or
debarred from eligibility for participation in federal assistance programs or activities.

Purchasing records are sufficiently maintained to detail the history of all procurements and must
include at least the rationale for the method of procurement, selection of contract type, and
contractor selection or rejection; the basis for the contract price; and verification that the
contractor is not suspended or debarred.

To foster greater economy and efficiency, the District may enter into State and local
intergovernmental agreements where appropriate for procurement or use of common or shared
goods and services.

A. Competition: All procurement transactions shall be conducted in a manner that encourages
full and open competition and that is in accordance with good administrative practice and
sound business judgement. In order to promote objective contractor performance and
eliminate unfair competitive advantage, the District shall exclude any contractor that has
developed or drafted specifications, requirements, statements of work, or invitations for bids
or requests for proposals from competition for such procurements.

Some of the situations considered to be restrictive of competition include, but are not limited
to, the following:
1. unreasonable requirements on firms in order for them to qualify to do business;

2. unnecessary experience and excessive bonding requirements;

3. noncompetitive contracts to consultants that are on retainer contracts;

4. organizational conflicts of interest;

5. specification of only a “brand name” product instead of allowing for an “or equal” product
to be offered and describing the performance or other relevant requirements of the
procurement; and/or

6. any arbitrary action in the procurement process.

Further, the District does not use statutorily or administratively imposed State, local, or tribal
geographical preferences in the evaluation of bids or proposals, unless (1) an applicable
Federal statute expressly mandates or encourages a geographic preference; (2) the District is
contracting for architectural and engineering services, in which case geographic location may
be a selection criterion provided its application leaves an appropriate number of qualified
firms, given the nature and size of the project, to compete for the contract.

To the extent that the District uses a pre-qualified list of persons, firms or products to acquire
goods and services, the pre-qualified list must include enough qualified sources as to ensure
maximum open and free competition. The District allows vendors to apply for consideration to
be placed on the list as requested.

B. Solicitation Language: The District shall require that all solicitations incorporate a clear
and accurate description of the technical requirements for the material, product, or service to
be procured. Such description shall not, in competitive procurements, contain features which
unduly restrict competition. The description may include a statement of the qualitative nature
of the material, product or service to be procured and, when necessary, shall set forth those
minimum essential characteristics and standards to which it shall conform if it is to satisfy its
intended use. Detailed product specifications should be avoided if at all possible.

When it is impractical or uneconomical to make a clear and accurate description of the
technical requirements, a “brand name or equivalent” description may be used as a means to
define the performance or other salient requirements of procurement. The specific features of
the named brand which shall be met by offers shall be clearly stated; and identify all
requirements which the offerors shall fulfill and all other factors to be used in evaluating bids
or proposals.

The Board will not approve any expenditure for an unauthorized purchase or contract.

C. Procurement Methods: The District shall utilize the following methods of procurement:

1. Micro-purchases

Procurement by micro-purchase is the acquisition of supplies or services, the aggregate
dollar amount of which does not exceed $10,000. To the extent practicable, the District
shall distribute micro-purchase equitably among qualified suppliers. Micro-purchases may
be made without soliciting competitive quotations if the Superintendent considers the
price to be reasonable. The District maintains evidence of this reasonableness in the
records of all purchases made by this method.

2. Small Purchases (Simplified Acquisition)

Small purchase procedures provide for relatively simple and informal procurement
methods for securing services, supplies, and other property which is acquired above the
aggregate dollar micro-purchase threshold and not exceeding the competitive bid
threshold of $250,000. Small purchase procedures require that price or rate quotations
shall be obtained from an adequate number of qualified sources.

3. Sealed Bids

Sealed, competitive bids shall be obtained when the purchase of, and contract for, single
items of supplies, materials, or equipment which amounts to $250,000 and when the
Board determines to build, repair, enlarge, improve, or demolish a school building/facility
the cost of which will exceed $250,000.

a. In order for sealed bidding to be feasible, the following conditions shall be present:

i. a complete, adequate, and realistic specification or purchase description is

ii. two (2) or more responsible bidders are willing and able to compete
effectively for the business; and

iii. the procurement lends itself to a firm faxed price contract and the selection of
the successful bidder can be made principally on the basis of price.

b. When sealed bids are used, the following requirements apply:

i. Bids shall be solicited in accordance with the provisions of State law. Bids
shall be solicited from an adequate number of qualified suppliers, providing
sufficient response time prior to the date set for the opening of bids. The
invitation to bid shall be publicly advertised.

ii. The invitation for bids will include product/contract specifications and
pertinent attachments and shall define the items and/or services required in
order for the bidder to properly respond.

iii. All bids will be opened at the time and place prescribed in the invitation for
bids; bids will be opened publicly.

iv. A firm fixed price contract award will be made in writing to the lowest
responsive and responsible bidder. Where specified in bidding documents,
factors such as discounts, transportation cost, and life cycle costs shall be
considered in determining which bid is lowest. Payment discounts may only
be used to determine the low bid when prior experience indicates that such
discounts are usually taken.

v. The Board reserves the right to reject any and all bids for sound documented

vi. Bid protests shall be handled pursuant to the process set forth in DAF-3.I.

4. Competitive Proposals

Procurement by competitive proposal, normally conducted with more than one sources
submitting an offer, is generally used when conditions are not appropriate for the use of
sealed bids or in the case of a recognized exception to the sealed bid method.

If this method is used, the following requirements apply:

a. Requests for proposals shall be publicized and identify all evaluation factors and their
relative importance. Any response to the publicized requests for proposals shall be
considered to the maximum extent practical.

b. Proposals shall be solicited from an adequate number of sources.

c. The District shall use its written method for conducting technical evaluations of the
proposals received and for selecting recipients.

d. Contracts shall be awarded to the responsible firm whose proposal is most
advantageous to the program, with price and other factors considered.

The District may use competitive proposal procedures for qualifications-based
procurement of architectural/engineering (A/E) professional services whereby
competitors’ qualifications are evaluated, and the most qualified competitor is
selected, subject to negotiation of fair and reasonable compensation. The method,
where price is not used as a selection factor, can only be used in procurement of A/E
professional services. It cannot be used to purchase other types of services though
A/E firms are a potential source to perform the proposed effort.

5. Noncompetitive Proposals

Procurement by noncompetitive proposals allows for solicitation of a proposal from
only one source and may be used only when one or more of the following
circumstances apply:

a. the item is available only for a single source;

b. the public exigency or emergency for the requirement will not permit a delay
resulting from competitive solicitation;

c. the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity expressly authorizes
noncompetitive proposals in response to a written request from the District;

d. after solicitation of a number of sources, competition is determined to be

D. Contracting with Small and Minority Businesses, Women’s Business Enterprises,
and Labor Surplus Area Firms:
The District must take necessary affirmative steps to
assure that minority businesses, women’s business enterprises, and labor surplus area firms
are used when possible. Affirmative steps must include:

1. Placing qualified small and minority businesses and women’s business enterprises on
solicitation lists;

2. Assuring that small and minority businesses, and women’s business enterprises are
solicited whenever they are potential sources;

3. Dividing total requirements, when economically feasible, into smaller tasks or quantities to
permit maximum participation by small and minority businesses, and women’s business

4. Establishing delivery schedules, where the requirement permits, which encourage
participation by small and minority businesses, and women’s business enterprises;

5. Using the services and assistance, as appropriate, of such organizations as the Small
Business Administration and the Minority Business Development Agency of the
Department of Commerce; and

6. Requiring the prime contractor, if subcontracts are to be let, to take the affirmative steps
listed in paragraphs (1) through (5) of this section.

E. Contract/Price Analysis: The District shall perform a cost or price analysis in connection
with every procurement action in excess of $250,000 (i.e., the Simplified Acquisition/Small
Purchase limit), including contract modifications. (See 2 CFR 200.323(a)). A cost analysis
generally means evaluating the separate cost elements that make up the total price, while a
price analysis means evaluating the total price, without looking at the individual cost

The method and degree of analysis is dependent on the facts surrounding the particular
procurement situation; however, the District shall come to an independent estimate prior to
receiving bids or proposals.

When performing a cost analysis, the District shall negotiate profit as a separate element of
the price. To establish a fair and reasonable profit, consideration is given to the complexity of
the work to be performed, the risk borne by the contractor, the contractor’s investment, the
amount of subcontracting, the quality of its record of past performance, and industry profit
rates in the surrounding geographical area for similar work.

F. Time and Materials Contracts: The District shall use a time and materials type contract
only (1) after a determination that no other contract is suitable; and (2) if the contract
includes a ceiling price that the contractor exceeds at its own risk. Time and materials type
contract means a contract whose cost to the District is the sum of the actual costs of
materials, and direct labor hours charged at fixed hourly rates that reflect wages, general and
administrative expenses, and profit.

Since this formula generates an open-ended contract price, a time-and-materials contract
provides no positive profit incentive to the contractor for cost control or labor efficiently.
Therefore, the District sets a ceiling price for each contract that the contractor exceeds at its
own risk. Further, the District shall assert a high degree of oversight in order to obtain
reasonable assurance that the contractor is using efficient methods and effective cost
controls, and otherwise performs in accordance with the terms, conditions, and specifications
of their contracts or purchase orders.

G. Suspension and Debarment: The District will award contracts only to responsible
contractors possessing the ability to perform successfully under the terms and conditions of
the proposed procurement. All purchasing decisions shall be made in the best interests of the
District and shall seek to obtain the maximum value for each dollar expended. When making a
purchasing decision, the District shall consider such factors as (1) contractor integrity; (2)
compliance with public policy; (3) record of past performance/ and (4) financial and technical

The Superintendent shall have the authority to suspend or debar a person/corporation, for
cause, from consideration or award of further contracts. The District is subject to and shall
abide by the non-procurement debarment and suspension regulations implementing Executive
Orders 12549 and 12689, 2 CFR Part 180.

Suspension is an action taken by the District that immediately prohibits a person from
participating in covered transactions and transactions covered under the Federal Acquisition
Regulation (48 CFR chapter 1) for a temporary period, pending completion of an agency
investigation and any judicial or administrative proceedings that may ensure. A person so
excluded is suspended. (See 2 CFR Part 180 Subpart G).

Debarment is an action taken by the Superintendent to exclude a person from participating in
covered transactions and transactions covered under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (48
CFR chapter 1). A person so excluded is debarred. (See 2 CFR Part 180 Subpart H).

The District shall not subcontract with or award sub-grants to any person or company who is
debarred or suspended. For contracts over $25,000 the District shall confirm that the vendor
is not debarred or suspended by either checking the Federal government’s System for Award
Management (“SAM”), which maintains a list of such debarred or suspended vendors at (which replaced the former Excluded Parties List System or EPLS); or collecting
a certification from the vendor. (See 2 CFR Part 180 Sub part C).

Documentation that debarment/suspension was queried must be retained for each covered
transaction as part of the documentation required under DAF-3, paragraph J. This
documentation should include the date(s) queried and copy(ies) of the SAM result
report/screen shot, or a copy of the or certification from the vendor. It should be attached to
the payment backup and retained for future audit review.

H. Additional Requirements for Procurement Contracts Using Federal Funds:

1. Clause for Remedies Arising from Breach: For any contract using Federal funds
under which the contract amount exceeds the upper limit for Simplified Acquisition/Small
Purchases (see DAF-3.C.2), the contract must address administrative, contractual, or legal
remedies in instances where contractors violate or breach contract terms, and must
provide for sanctions and penalties. (See 2 CFR 200, Appendix II(A)).

2. Termination clause: For any contract using Federal funds under which the contract
amount exceeds $10,000, it must address the District’s authority to terminate the contract
for cause and for convenience, including the manner by which termination will be effected
and the basis for settlement. (See 2 CFR 200, Appendix II(B)).

3. Anti-pollution clause: For any contract using Federal funds under which the contract
amount exceeds $150,000, the contract must include clauses addressing the Clean Air Act
and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. (See 2 CFR 200, Appendix II(G)).

4. Anti-lobbying clause: For any contract using Federal funds under which the contract
exceeds $100,000, the contract must include an anti-lobbying clause, and require bidders
to submit Anti-Lobbying Certification as required under 2 CFR 200, Appendix II (J).

5. Negotiation of profit: For each contract using Federal funds and for which there is no
price competition, and for each Federal fund contract in which a cost analysis is
performed, the District shall negotiate profit as a separate element of the price. To
establish a fair and reasonable profit, consideration must be given to the complexity of the
work to be performed, the risk borne by the contractor, the contractor’s investment, the
amount of subcontracting, the quality of the contractor’s past performance, and industry
profit rates in the surrounding geographical area for similar work. (See 2 CFR

6. “Domestic Preference” Requirement: The District must provide a preference for the
purchase, acquisition, or use of goods, products, or materials produced in the United
States, to the greatest extent practicable. This requirement applies whether the District is
purchasing the products directly or when the products are purchased by third parties on
the District’s behalf (e.g. subcontractor, food service management companies, etc.). It
also generally applies to all purchases, even those below the micro-purchase threshold,
unless otherwise stipulated by the Federal awarding agency. See also additional “Buy
American” provisions in DAF-4.C regarding food service procurement.

7. Huawei Ban: The District may not use Federal funds to procure, obtain, or enter into or
renew a contract to procure or obtain equipment, services, or systems which substantially
use telecommunications equipment or services produced by Huawei Technologies
Company or ZTE Corporation, or any of their subsidiaries.

I. Bid Protest: The District maintains the following protest procedures to handle and resolve
disputes relating to procurements and, in all instances, discloses information regarding the
protest to the awarding agency.

A bidder who wishes to file a bid protest shall file such notice and follow procedures
prescribed by the Request For Proposals (RFPs) or the individual bid specifications package,
for resolution. Bid protests shall be filed in writing with the Superintendent within seventy-two
(72) hours of the opening of the bids in protest.

Within five (5) days of receipt of a protest, the Superintendent shall review the protest as
submitted and render a decision regarding the merits of the protest and any impact on the
acceptance and rejection of bids submitted. Notice of the filing of a bid protest shall be
communicated to the Board and shall be so noted in any subsequent recommendation for the
acceptance of bids and awarding of contracts.

Failure to file a notice of intent to protest, or failure to file a formal written protest within the
time prescribed, shall constitute a waiver of proceedings.

J. Maintenance of Procurement Records: The District shall maintain records sufficient to
detail the history of all procurements. These records will include, but are not necessarily
limited to, the following: rationale for the method of procurement, selection of contract type,
contractor selection or rejection, the basis for the contract price (including a cost or price
analysis), and records regarding disbarment/suspension queries or actions.


The following provisions shall be included in all cost reimbursable contracts for food services
purchases, including contracts with cost reimbursable provisions, and in solicitation documents
prepared to obtain offers for such contracts: (7 CFR Sec. 210.21, 215.14a, 220.16)

A. Mandatory Contract Clauses: The following provisions shall be included in all cost
reimbursable contracts for food services purchases, including contracts with cost reimbursable
provisions, and in solicitation documents prepared to obtain offers for such contracts:

1. Allowable costs will be paid from the nonprofit school food service account to the
contractor net of all discounts, rebates and other applicable credits accruing to or received
by the contractor or any assignee under the contract, to the extent those credits are
allocable to the allowable portion of the costs billed to the school food authority;

2. The contractor must separately identify for each cost submitted for payment to the school
food authority the amount of that cost that is allowable (can be paid from the nonprofit
school food service account) and the amount that is unallowable (cannot be paid from the
nonprofit school food service account); or

3. The contractor must exclude all unallowable costs from its billing documents and certify
that only allowable costs are submitted for payment and records have been established
that maintain the visibility of unallowable costs, including directly associated costs in a
manner suitable for contract cost determination and verification;

4. The contractor’s determination of its allowable costs must be made in compliance with the
applicable departmental and program regulations and Office of Management and Budget
cost circulars;

5. The contractor must identify the amount of each discount, rebate and other applicable
credit on bills and invoices presented to the school food authority for payment and
individually identify the amount as a discount, rebate, or in the case of other applicable
credits, the nature of the credit. If approved by the state agency, the school food
authority may permit the contractor to report this information on a less frequent basis
than monthly, but no less frequently than annually;

6. The contractor must identify the method by which it will report discounts, rebates and
other applicable credits allocable to the contract that are not reported prior to conclusion
of the contract; and

7. The contractor must maintain documentation of costs and discounts, rebates and other
applicable credits, and must furnish such documentation upon request to the school food
authority, the state agency, or the department.

B. Contracts with Food Service Management Companies: Procedures for selecting and
contracting with a food service management company shall comply with guidance provided by
the NHDOE, including standard forms, procedures and timelines for solicitation, selection and
approval of proposals and contracts.

C. “Buy American” Requirement:

Under the “Buy American” provision of the National School Lunch Act (the “NSLA”), school
food authorities (SFAs) are required to purchase, to the maximum extent practicable,
domestic commodity or product. As an SFA, the District is required to comply with the “Buy
American” procurement standards set forth in 7 CFR Part 210.21(d) when purchasing
commercial food products served in the school meals programs. This requirement applies
whether the District is purchasing the products directly or when the products are purchased
by third parties on the District’s behalf (e.g., food service management companies, group
purchasing cooperatives, shared purchasing, etc.).

Under the NSLA, “domestic commodity or product” is defined as an agricultural commodity or
product that is produced or processed in the United States using “substantial” agricultural
commodities that are produced in the United States. For purposes of the act, “substantial”
means that over 51 percent of the final processed product consists of agricultural commodities
that were grown domestically. Products from Guam, American Samoa, Virgin Islands, Puerto
Rico, and the Northern Mariana Islands are allowable under this provision as territories of the
United States.

1. Exceptions: The two main exceptions to the Buy American requirements are:

a) The product is not produced or manufactured in the U.S. in sufficient and reasonably
available quantities of a satisfactory quality; or

b) Competitive bids reveal the costs of a U.S. product are significantly higher than the
non-domestic product.

2. Steps to Comply with Buy American Requirements: In order to help assure that the
District remains in compliance with the Buy American requirement, the Superintendent
and/or his/her designee, shall

a) Include a Buy American clause in all procurement documents (product specifications,
bid solicitations, requests for proposals, purchase orders, etc.);

b) Monitor contractor performance;

c) Require suppliers to certify the origin of the product;

d) Examine product packaging for identification of the country of origin; and

e) Require suppliers to provide specific information about the percentage of U.S. content
in food products annually.


The District complies with the requirements of State law and the Uniform Guidance for conflicts of
interest and mandatory disclosures for all procurements with federal funds.

Each employee, board member, or agent of the school system who is engaged in the selection,
award or administration of a contract supported by a federal grant or award and who has a
potential conflict of interest must disclose that conflict in writing to the Superintendent and/or
his/her designee who, in turn, shall disclose in writing any such potential conflict of interest to
NHDOE or other applicable pass-through-entity.

A conflict of interest would arise when the covered individual, any member of his/her immediate
family, his/her partner, or an organization, which employs or is about to employ any of those
parties has a financial or other interest in or received a tangible personal benefit from a firm
considered for a contract. A covered individual who is required to disclose a conflict shall not
participate in the selection, award, or administration of a contract supported by a federal grant or

Covered individuals will not solicit or accept any gratuities, favors, or items from a contractor or a
party to a subcontractor for a federal grant or award. Violations of this rule are subject to
disciplinary action.

The Superintendent shall timely disclose in writing to NHDOE or other applicable pass-through-entity,
all violations of federal criminal law involving fraud, bribery, or gratuities potentially
effecting any federal award. The Superintendent shall fully address any such violations promptly
and notify the Board with such information as is appropriate under the circumstances (e.g., taking
into account applicable disciplinary processes).


Equipment and supplies acquired (“property” as used in this policy DAF-6) with federal funds will
be used, managed, and disposed of in accordance with applicable state and federal requirements.
Property records and inventory systems shall be sufficiently maintained to account for and track
equipment that has been acquired with federal funds. In furtherance thereof, the following
minimum standards and controls shall apply to any equipment or pilferable items acquired in
whole or in part under a Federal award until such property is disposed in accordance with
applicable laws, regulations and Board policies:

A. “Equipment” and “Pilferable Items” Defined: For purposes of this policy, “equipment”
means tangible personal property (including information technology systems) having a useful
life of more than one year and a per-unit acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the lesser
of $5,000, or the capitalization level established by the District for financial statement
purposes. “Pilferable items” are those items, regardless of cost, which may be easily lost or
stolen, such as cell phones, tablets, graphing calculators, software, projectors, cameras and
other video equipment, computer equipment and televisions.

B. Records: The Superintendent and/or his/her designee shall maintain records that include a
description of the property; a serial number or other identification number; the source of the
funding for the property (including the federal award identification number (FAIN)); who holds
title; the acquisition date; the cost of the property; the percentage of the federal participation
in the project costs for the federal award under which the property was acquired; the location,
use, and condition of the property; and any ultimate disposition data, including the date of
disposition and sale price of the property.

C. Inventory: No less than once every two years, the Superintendent and/or his/her designee
shall cause a physical inventory of all equipment and pilferable items must be taken and the
results reconciled with the property records at least once every two years. Except as
otherwise provided in this policy DAF, inventories shall be conducted consistent with Board
Policy DID.

D. Control, Maintenance and Disposition: The Superintendent shall develop administrative
procedures relative to property procured in whole or in part with Federal funds to:

1. prevent loss, damage, or theft of the property; Any loss, damage, or theft must be

2. to maintain the property and keep it in good condition; and

3. to ensure the highest possible return through proper sales procedures, in those instances
where the District is authorized to sell the property.


The Board shall reimburse administrative, professional and support employees, and school
officials, for travel costs incurred in the course of performing services related to official business as
a federal grant recipient.

For purposes of this policy, “travel costs” shall mean the expenses for transportation, lodging,
subsistence, and related items incurred by employees and school officials who are in travel status
on official business as a federal grant recipient.

School officials and district employees shall comply with applicable Board policies and
administrative regulations established for reimbursement of travel and other expenses.
The validity of payments for travel costs for all district employees and school officials shall be
determined by the Superintendent and/or his/her designee.

Travel costs shall be reimbursed on a mileage basis for travel using an employee’s personal
vehicle and on an actual cost basis for meals, lodging and other allowable expenses, consistent
with those normally allowed in like circumstances in the district’s non-federally funded activities,
and in accordance with the district’s travel reimbursement policies and administrative regulations.

Mileage reimbursements shall be at the rate approved by the Board or Board policy for other
district travel reimbursements. Actual costs for meals, lodging and other allowable expenses shall
be reimbursed only to the extent they are reasonable and do not exceed the per diem limits
established by Board policy, or, in the absence of such policy, the federal General Services
Administration for federal employees for locale where incurred.

All travel costs must be presented with an itemized, verified statement prior to reimbursement.

In addition, for any costs that are charged directly to the federal award, the Superintendent
and/or his/her designee shall maintain sufficient records to justify that:

A. Participation of the individual is necessary to the federal award.

B. The costs are reasonable and consistent with Board policy.


All fiscal transactions must be approved by the Superintendent and/or his/her designee who can
attest that the expenditure is allowable and approved under the federal program. The
Superintendent and/or his/her designee submits all required certifications.


The Superintendent will establish sufficient oversight of the operations of federally supported
activities to assure compliance with applicable federal requirements and to ensure that program
objectives established by the awarding agency are being achieved. The District will submit all
reports as required by federal or state authorities.

As a recipient of Federal funds, the District shall comply with the Uniform Administrative
Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. Section 200.430 of the
Code of Federal Regulations requires certification of effort to document salary expenses charged
directly or indirectly against Federally-sponsored projects. This process is intended to verify the
compensation for employment services, including salaries and wages, is allocable and properly
expended, and that any variances from the budget are reconciled.

A. Compensation: Compensation for employment services includes all remuneration, paid
currently or accrued, for services of employees rendered during the period of performance
under the Federal award, including but not necessarily limited to wages and salaries.
Compensation for personal services may also include fringe benefits, which are addressed in 2
CFR 200.431 Compensation – fringe benefits. Costs of compensation are allowable to the
extent that they satisfy the specific requirements of these regulations, and that the total
compensation for individual employees:

1. is reasonable for the services rendered, conforms to the District’s established written
policy, and is consistently applied to both Federal and non-Federal activities; and

2. follows an appointment made in accordance with the District’s written policies and meets
the requirements of Federal statute, where applicable.

B. Time and Effort Reports: Time and effort reports shall:

1. be supported by a system of internal controls which provide reasonable assurance that
the charges are accurate, allowable, and properly allocated;

2. be incorporated into the official records of the District;

3. reasonably reflect the total activity for which the employee is compensated by the District,
not exceeding 100% of the compensated activities;

4. encompass both Federally assisted and other activities compensated by the District on an
integrated basis;

5. comply with the District’s established accounting policies and practices;

6. support the distribution of the employee’s salary or wages among specific activities or cost
objectives if the employee works on more than one (1) Federal award, a Federal award
and non-Federal award, an indirect cost activity and a direct cost activity, two (2) or more
indirect activities which are allocated using different allocation bases, or an unallowable
activity and a direct or indirect cost activity.

The District will also follow any time and effort requirements imposed by NHDOE or other
pass-through entity as appropriate to the extent that they are more restrictive than the
Federal requirements. The Superintendent and/or his/her designee is responsible for the
collection and retention of employee time and effort reports. Individually reported data will be
made available only to authorized auditors or as required by law.


A. Budget Reconciliation: Budget estimates are not used as support for charges to Federal
awards. However, the District may use budget estimates for interim accounting purposes. The
system used by the District to establish budget estimates produces reasonable approximations
of the activity actually performed. Any significant changes in the corresponding work activity
are identified by the District and entered into the District’s records in a timely manner.

The District’s internal controls include a process to review after-the-fact interim charges made to a
Federal award based on budget estimates and ensure that all necessary adjustments are made so
that the final amount charged to the Federal award is accurate, allowable, and properly allocated.

B. Grant Closeout Requirements: At the end of the period of performance or when the Federal
awarding agency determines the District has completed all applicable administrative actions
and all required work under the grant, the agency will close out the Federal award. If the
award passed-through the State, the District will have 90 days from the end of the period of
performance to submit to the State all financial, performance, and other reports as required
by the terms and conditions of the award.

Failure to submit all required reports within the required timeframe will necessarily result in
the Federal awarding agency reporting the District’s material failure to comply with the terms
of the grant to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and may pursue other
enforcement actions.

The District must maintain all financial records and other documents pertinent to the grant for a
period of three years from the date of submission of the final expenditure report, barring other
circumstances detailed in 2 CFR 200.344.


When entering agreements involving the expenditure or disbursements of federal grant funds, the
District shall determine whether the recipient of such federal funds is a “contractor” or
“subrecipient”, as those terms are defined in 2 CFR §200.23 and §200.93, respectively. See also
guidance at 2 CFR §200.330 “Subrecipient and contractor determinations”. Generally,
“subrecipients” are instrumental in implementing the applicable work program whereas a
“contractor” provides goods and services for the District’s own use. Contractors will be subject to
the District’s procurement and purchasing policies.

Under the UGG, the District is considered a “pass-through entity” in relation to its subrecipients,
and as such requires that subrecipients comply with applicable terms and conditions (flow-down
provisions). All subrecipients of Federal or State funds received through the District are subject to
the same Federal and State statutes, regulations, and award terms and conditions as the District.

A. Sub-award Contents and Communication.

In the execution of every sub-award, the District will communicate the following information
to the subrecipient and include the same information in the sub-award agreement.

1. Every sub-award will be clearly identified and include the following Federal award

a) Subrecipient name

b) Subrecipient’s unique ID number (DUNS)

c) Federal Award ID Number (FAIN)

d) Federal award date

e) Period of performance start and end date

f) Amount of federal funds obligated

g) Amount of federal funds obligated to the subrecipient

h) Total amount of the Federal award

i) Total approved cost sharing or match required where applicable

j) Project description responsive to FFATA

k) Name of Federal awarding agency, pass through entity and contact information

l) CFDA number and name

m) Identification of the award is R&D

n) Indirect cost rate for the Federal award

2. Requirements imposed by the District including statutes, regulations, and the terms and
conditions of the Federal award.

3. Any additional requirements the District deems necessary for financial or performance
reporting of subrecipients as necessary.

4. An approved indirect cost rate negotiated between subrecipient and the Federal
government or between the pass-through entity and subrecipient.

5. Requirements that the District and its auditors have access to the subrecipient records
and financial statements.

6. Terms and conditions for closeout of the sub-award.

B. Subrecipient Monitoring Procedures.

The Superintendent is responsible for having all the District project managers monitor
subrecipients. The District will monitor the activities of the subrecipient to ensure the sub-award
is used for authorized purposes. The frequency of monitoring review will be specified
in the sub-award and conducted concurrently with all invoice submission.

Subrecipient monitoring procedures include:

1. At the time of proposal, assess the potential of the subrecipient for programmatic,
financial, and administrative suitability.

2. Evaluate each subrecipient’s risk of noncompliance prior to executing a sub-award. In
doing so, the District will assess the subrecipient’s:

a) Prior experience with the same or similar sub-awards.

b) Results of previous audits and single audit (if applicable).

c) New personnel or new or substantially changed systems.

d) The extent and results of Federal awarding agency monitoring.

3. Confirm the statement of work and review any non-standard terms and conditions of the
sub-award during the negotiation process.

4. Monitor financial and programmatic progress and ability of the subrecipient to meet
objectives of the sub-award. To facilitate this review, subrecipients are required to submit
sufficient invoice detail and a progress report. The District project managers will
encourage subrecipients to submit regular invoices.

5. Invoices and progress reports will be date stamped upon receipt if received in hard copy.
A record of the date of receipt will be maintained for those invoices sent electronically.

6. In conducting regular oversight and monitoring, the District project managers will:

a) Verify invoices that include progress reports.

b) Review progress reports to ensure project is progressing appropriately and on

c) Compare invoice to agreement budget to ensure eligibility of costs and that
costs do not exceed budget.

d) Review invoice to ensure supporting documentation is included and invoices
costs are within the scope of work for the projects being invoiced.

e) Obtain report, certification and supporting documentation of local (non-federal)
/in-kind match work from the subrecipient.

f) Review subrecipient match tasks for eligibility.

g) Initial the progress report and invoice confirming review and approval prior to

h) Raise any concerns to the Superintendent and/or his/her designee.

7. The Superintendent and/or his/her designee, upon recommendation from the project’s
manager, will approve the invoice payment and will initial invoices confirming review and
approval prior to payment.

8. Payments will be withheld from subrecipients for the following reasons:

a) Insufficient detail to support the costs billed;

b) Unallowable costs;

c) Ineligible costs; and/or

d) Incomplete work or work not completed in accordance with required

9. Verify every subrecipient is audited in accordance with 2 CFR §200 Subpart F – Audit

C. Subrecipient Project Files. Subrecipient project files will contain, at a minimum, the

a) Project proposal

b) Project scope

c) Progress reports

d) Interim and final products

e) Copies of other applicable project documents as required, such as copies
of contracts or MOUs

D. Audit Requirements.

All subrecipients are required to annually submit their audit and Single Audit report to the
District for review to ensure the subrecipient has complied with good accounting practices and
federal regulations. If a deficiency is identified, the District will:

1. Issue a management decision on audit findings pertaining to the Federal award.

2. Consider whether the results of audits or reviews indicate conditions that necessitate
adjustments to pass through entity’s own records.

E. Methodology for Resolving Findings.

The District will work with subrecipients to resolve any findings and deficiencies. To do so,
the District may follow up on deficiencies identified through on-site reviews, provision of basic
technical assistance, and other means of assistance as appropriate.

The District will only consider taking enforcement action against non-compliant subrecipients
in accordance with 2 CFR 200.338 when noncompliance cannot be remedied. Enforcement
may include taking any of the following actions as appropriate:

a) Temporarily withhold cash payments pending correction of the deficiency

b) Disallow all or part of the cost of the activity or action not in compliance.

c) Wholly or partly suspend or terminate the sub-award.

d) Initiate suspension or debarment proceedings.

e) Withhold further Federal awards for the project or program.

f) Take other remedies that may be legally available.

Legal References:
42 USC 1751 – 66 National School Lunch Act, 2 C.F.R. Part 180
2 C.F.R. Part 200, 200.0 – 200.99; 200.305; 200.313(d); 200.317-.326; 200.403-.406; 200.413(a)-
(c); 200.430; 200.431; 200.458; 200.474(b), 200 Appendix II, 7 CFR Part 210, 210.16; 210.19;
210.21; 215.14a; 220.16

Adopted: March 9, 2020
Revised: February 14, 2023